海岸利用与保护在哪里找到共同点

在加纳的Densu三角洲河口游览红树林. The CRC worked with local oyster pickers to develop a management program to conserve the mangroves that house their oyster estuaries.

在陆地和海洋交汇的地方,资源丰富. 生活在沿海地区的人们依靠附近的海洋获取食物, 娱乐, 运输, 就业, 和收入. 亚洲信誉第一网投平台’s Coastal Resources Center understands the delicate balance between utilizing those ocean resources and preserving them. 拥有50年的经验和一群敬业的科学家, 传播者, 以及其他专业人士, the CRC brings coastal communities in Rhode Island and around the world 在一起 to create and manage sustainable relationships with their coastlines.

托德·麦克利什著

When then-Governor Donald Carcieri announced in 2007 that Rhode Island was going to host the nation’s first offshore wind farm, he turned to the Rhode Island Coastal Resources Management Council (CRMC)—the state’s regulatory agency for coastal issues—to develop the necessary policies, 计划, 以及让它发生的法规. 和, 正如理事会近40年来所做的那样, 它向亚洲信誉第一网投平台海岸资源中心(CRC)寻求帮助.

在布洛克岛海岸的国家第一个海上风力发电场的海上风力涡轮机, CRC在哪里制定分区计划
CRC为全国第一个海上风力发电场制定了分区规划, 位于布洛克岛附近, 于2016年推出.

在接下来的两年里, CRC工作人员制定了他们所谓的海洋特别区域管理计划(海洋SAMP), 这是美国首次努力在海洋地区制定海上风能分区计划. 这项复杂的计划包括亚洲信誉第一网投平台科学家对海洋地质学等不同主题的研究, 鸟类和鲸鱼的迁徙, 鱼类产卵, 商业及休闲捕鱼, 航运, 文化遗产, and tourism to identify the best location for a wind farm and a site that would create the least conflict with other user groups.

“It was a comprehensive look at our ocean and coastal resources and an enforceable plan to ensure that the way we develop that area of the water is balanced and considers the implications for the people of Rhode Island,Jennifer McCann说, M.M.94年,美国国家安全局局长.S. 海岸资源中心的海岸项目. “虽然这是受州长希望在亚洲信誉第一网投平台的海岸看到近海可再生能源的驱使, 不仅仅是风力发电场. 为了经济发展,亚洲信誉第一网投平台加强了对沿海各地区的保护, 出于文化原因, 出于环境原因,这与海上风能没有任何关系.”


“海岸管理是一个以地点为基础的企业,这个地点可以大也可以小.
越来越多的是整个地球.”

-斯蒂芬·奥尔森(M ..S. 70年,前CRC主任

That’s one reason the CRC has earned such respect and been so successful in the projects it has undertaken through the years. 它以中立观察员的身份处理每一个沿海问题, 没有先入为主的观念, 并考虑到所有利益相关者的需求. 结果是, 涉众购买过程,更有可能支持最终的决策, 即使他们最终没有得到他们想要的一切.

“当风电场开发商去获得他们的最终许可时, the environmentalists and the commercial fishermen and the Narragansett Tribe were all standing shoulder-to-shoulder saying, “只要亚洲信誉第一网投平台遵守海洋SAMP,亚洲信誉第一网投平台就支持这一点,’”麦凯恩说. “亚洲信誉第一网投平台建立了这个相互理解、相互支持的选区, 尽管他们来自不同的地方. 这是亚洲信誉第一网投平台做事方式的一个很好的例子.”

The Coastal Resources Center has been advising governments and partner organizations on coastal issues—from aquaculture and coastal development to marine biodiversity and climate adaptation—for 50 years. 经历了这一切, its 25-member 亚洲信誉第一网投平台-based team and numerous partners have used science and an inclusive participatory process to guide Rhode Islanders and people from around the world to find solutions to coastal challenges. 当该组织回顾并庆祝其前半个世纪的成就时, 它继续面对沿海地区和生活在那里的人们面临的新问题.

罗德岛州议会成立R.I. CRMC in 1971—without staff and with a limited budget—the Rhode Island Board of Regents approved the creation of the Coastal Resources Center at 亚洲信誉第一网投平台 to provide the council “with the information it needs to do its job.根据唐纳德·罗巴杜的说法,M.C.P. ’76, CRC服务时间最长的工作人员和非正式的志愿历史学家, 该中心最初的工作重点是收集有关沿海地区科学的信息并撰写报告, 哪些可以用来教育政府任命的委员.

Robadue describes the early CRC staffers as “a bunch of renegade radical rabble-rousers charged with doing science and policy analysis hand in hand with the users who needed it.他补充道, “We were probably the only university-funded group that raised money and did active policy work as if we were consultants to a very powerful agency.”

斯蒂芬·奥尔森,M.S. 他是早期的煽动者之一,1975年至2012年担任CRC的董事. He says the organization soon evolved into a place that understood how to identify the issues that people care about. “海岸管理是一个以地点为基础的企业,这个地点可以大也可以小. 越来越多的是整个地球,”奥尔森说. “亚洲信誉第一网投平台’re there to work on issues that matter and to do that in a way that involves the stakeholders—not because you love stakeholders, 而是因为亚洲信誉第一网投平台必须建立一个选区,赢得他们的信任.”

That process of addressing challenging issues by building constituencies and winning trust was created by Olsen, Robadue, 维吉尼亚李, M.S. 79年,以及其他早期的工作人员. 它后来被称为“结果的顺序”,,这也是CRC工作人员今天遵循的相同流程.

加纳海岸角海滩上色彩鲜艳的钓鱼独木舟
海岸角海滩上的独木舟, 加纳, where the CRC led a sustainable fisheries management project funded by a $26 million USAID cooperative agreement.

“It’s a process where you really need to establish enabling conditions in order to build the foundation of an effective, 海岸资源综合管理工作,麦肯说. “亚洲信誉第一网投平台需要明确的目标, 各级政府和资源使用者的坚定承诺, 执行它的能力, 还有支持它的选民. 这是一个允许亚洲信誉第一网投平台说, 他说,在看到变化之前,亚洲信誉第一网投平台需要建立这些有利条件, 在行为改变之前, 在亚洲信誉第一网投平台讲环境之前, 经济, 以及其他社会变化.’”

儿童权利委员会已利用这一程序来处理脆弱的屏障滩的开发问题, 疏浚及疏浚废渣处理, 可持续港口运营, 改变渔业, 国家盐池的管理, 和亚洲信誉第一网投平台的. But it was the success of the Ocean SAMP and the speed with which the nation’s first offshore wind farm was approved that found McCann and her colleagues—帕姆·鲁宾诺夫,男.M.A. 90年,特蕾莎·克林大受欢迎. Agencies around the country and around the world sought them out for training to learn from their experience.

然而,工作人员也已经开始转向其他问题. 在与CRMC的另一个合作中, they developed a Beach SAMP—a special area management plan for the Rhode Island coastline to help communities prepare for the impacts of rising sea levels and increasingly severe storms. The project led to changes in state policy and a mapping portal that allows residents to better understand their coastal risks. Another special area management plan is being developed to synthesize the science and develop practical state policies to guide the state’s use and management of Narragansett Bay resources.

海滩SAMP的一个副产品是普罗维登斯恢复伙伴关系, which mobilizes city business and civic leaders to advocate for infrastructure improvements in response to the growing threats from climate change. 柯特·斯伯丁(Curt Spalding)是该伙伴关系的领导人之一, 作为“拯救海湾”的负责人,他与CRC合作了30年, 联合国署长.S. 他现在是布朗大学的教授.

“CRC has been a partner and asset through all of this time to move forward the issues I’ve been working on,他说. “他们显然对沿海地区和该州面临的环境问题有深刻的理解, 他们很有战略眼光. 他们清楚地知道需要做什么, 他们带来了务实的能力,以适应挑战的环境, 我认为这是他们的区别. 他们知道如何在罗德岛把事情做好,这并不容易.”

One of CRC’s most recent efforts has been to evaluate the size and scope of Rhode Island’s blue economy—industries closely connected to and dependent on the state’s coasts and ocean—and to identify strategies to nurture and grow this important sector.

“这是亚洲信誉第一网投平台计算出可以捕捞的正确数量,同时还能维持
强健的生态系统.”

——亚洲信誉第一网投平台海岸研究所和CRC国际项目主任elin Torell

海岸资源中心的影响力超出了罗德岛. Its reach is felt across the country through its work with groups like the Northeast Regional Ocean Council, 国家海洋资助学院计划附属机构, 以及国家公园管理局. 然而, 儿童权利委员会最为人所知的可能是其在发展中国家开展的国际工作, 在哪些方面与非洲政府合作, 南美, 东南亚, 从1985年开始. 那时,来自美国的官员.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) approached Olsen to advise other governments on coastal management.

“在国际上,问题与美国大致相同.S., 但是在热带地区的许多地方,事情发生变化的速度非常快, 快得多,奥尔森说. “The changes that happened in Narragansett Bay over a century and a half occurred in about 20 years in the Gulf of Thailand.

“在其他国家有很大的不同, 政府没有那么强大和稳固, so it was really the marketplace and the public that was determining the evolution of change in a given place,他补充道. “We realized that we had to build capacity and promote a learning-by-doing process where we would work at relatively small scales. 它取得了非凡的成功.”

由美国国际开发署资助, CRC最初在厄瓜多尔启动了为期10年的项目, 斯里兰卡, 和泰国, 然后去了坦桑尼亚, 墨西哥, 和印尼. 奥尔森对儿童基金会在厄瓜多尔的工作感到特别自豪, where uncontrolled shrimp farming was transforming the coastline and residents were being driven out—and occasionally shot.

亚洲信誉第一网投平台设法让全国各地都采用了沿海管理计划, 这真的成为了一个社会治理项目, 许多旁观者认为这是不可能的,他说. “对我个人来说, it was a huge affirmation that what we had learned in Rhode Island about the struggles between conservation and development could indeed play out in a very different place.”

近年来, USAID has funded CRC with $26 million for a sustainable fisheries management project in 加纳 that began in 2014 and $25 million in 2018 for a similar project 在菲律宾. 在当时,这是亚洲信誉第一网投平台获得的最大一笔赠款.

加纳科曼达镇的可持续渔业管理示范. 妇女在加纳的渔业中很重要, CRC帮助他们在管理和决策中有了发言权.

根据布赖恩克劳福德,M.M.A. ’86, Ph.D. ’09, 他领导了加纳项目,在CRC工作了34年后最近退休了, 目标是重建加纳的海洋鱼类资源, 因为过度捕捞而濒临崩溃. 这是一个粮食安全问题, 因为鱼主要是凤尾鱼, 沙丁鱼, 鲭鱼几乎都是当地消费的.

Working closely with the Ministry of Fisheries and Aquaculture Development and the 加纳 Fisheries Commission, 克劳福德和他的团队成功地制定了三个基于社区的渔业管理计划, worked with fish processing groups to develop a healthier 和亚洲信誉第一网投平台的 efficient fish smoker design—and a supply chain for building them—and ensured that the fishers had a voice in management decisions. They even piloted a social safety net system to support vulnerable fishing families during the COVID pandemic that can also be applied in the future if closed fisheries result in significant loss of income.

“We made a lot of progress in getting the government to be more open to involving fisherfolk in the management of the fishery,克劳福德说. “这是向前迈出的一大步, 2019年的关闭就证明了这一点, 当时渔民们几乎完全服从. 在此之前, 每次政府都要制定规定, 实际上没有人遵守,因为它是由上而下强制执行的. 而不是互相指责, 现在他们正在合作,朝着更可持续的做法努力.”

在菲律宾, CRC has established a Fish Right Program to help the government there implement a system of fishery management areas to boost the biomass of the fish harvested. “这是亚洲信誉第一网投平台计算出可以捕捞的正确数量,同时还能维持 强健的生态系统,Elin Torell说, 亚洲信誉第一网投平台海岸部主任
研究所和CRC的国际项目. “这也涉及到如何利用封闭季节来控制收成, 海洋保护区, 或其他措施, 就像美国使用的配额.S.”

马拉维目前正在进行其他项目, 马达加斯加, 塞内加尔, 尼日利亚, 肯尼亚, 孟加拉国, 柬埔寨, 和其他地方. In 2021, CRC was awarded $15 million from USAID to help communities in several Pacific Island countries develop sustainable fisheries.

“解决方案需要把人们聚集在一起,理解问题,然后,
一起为那个地点和时间想出一个解决方案.

—J.P. 海岸资源中心主任沃尔什说

托雷尔说,儿童权利委员会的所有国际项目都侧重于增强社区妇女的权能. 在加纳, 妇女通过拥有船只在渔业中发挥着重要作用, 捕捞后加工, 还有其他方式,但他们很少被允许参与有关渔业的讨论. 现在他们可以了, thanks to membership on management committees and leadership training that helps them feel comfortable speaking out. 类似的, 在菲律宾, 女人在潮间带收集牡蛎和贻贝的地方, CRC helped to establish harvesting areas managed by women and provided 经济 training and tools to make their businesses more successful.
“儿童权利委员会已成为渔业部门增强妇女权能的全球领导者,”Torell说. “亚洲信誉第一网投平台关注女性的经济赋权和决策:她们如何以及何时参与? 他们交往的障碍是什么? 亚洲信誉第一网投平台正在大力支持他们在渔业中发挥作用, 哪个对整个社区有利.”

Another vital element in all of CRC’s international projects is building the human capacity to ensure that project momentum can be sustained after CRC departs the region. 在很多地方, 在国家或国际渔业研究所提供渔业管理方面的培训, 气候变化和沿海适应, 以及相关主题, 许多国家的政府还在继续要求这种培训. 参与者通常来自合作机构和当地大学.

Capacity building also often includes awarding scholarships to allow staff members from partner organizations to earn graduate degrees at 亚洲信誉第一网投平台 in disciplines of critical need for their countries so they can bring what they learn back home and apply it in their future work.

菲律宾妇女在分类和烘干鱼.

克劳福德说:“最终,这将是最持久和影响可持续性的因素。. “布丁中的证据是当项目结束时会发生什么. 它能继续吗?”

门萨法官,M.S. ’13, was a teaching assistant at the 大学 of Cape Coast in 加纳 during the early stages of CRC’s work in that country, and he was selected for a scholarship to enroll at 亚洲信誉第一网投平台 to continue his interest in geographic information systems (GIS), 他一直在申请CRC的渔业管理项目. 完成学位后, he has been a GIS and remote sensing expert working on fisheries management for a local nonprofit group, 亨姆波亚诺(亚洲信誉第一网投平台的海岸).

“CRC真的握着我的手, 引领我进入我的事业, 并继续给我成长的机会,在我的职业道路上探索亚洲信誉第一网投平台的领域,他说. “在过去的十年里, 儿童权利委员会在加纳的干预影响了数百人的生活, 改变了渔业中一些错误的态度和行为, 个人和机构的能力建设, 增强弱势和边缘化人群的权能, 并为国家渔业政策做出了重要贡献. 儿童权利委员会为加纳的可持续渔业管理奠定了基础,人们将永远铭记它.”

在加的斯的维萨扬海的一个海洋保护区,渔民们正在收网, 菲律宾, where the CRC led the $25 million USAID-funded Fish Right Program to help the government implement a fisheries management system. 下图是菲律宾妇女在分类和晒鱼.

罗尼·罗梅罗,M.M.A. ' 21,就是确保CRC的工作在菲律宾继续下去. A research assistant at the 菲律宾 National Fisheries Research and Development Institute (NFRDI) when he 获得了亚洲信誉第一网投平台的奖学金, his thesis examined his country’s new ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management policies that were introduced through CRC’s Fish Right Program. He says that the 菲律宾’ new model of fisheries management is making fisheries more sustainable and gives the fishing community more of a voice in its management.

“我一直深入参与制定渔业政策, 我的硕士学位为我提供了制定整体政策的工具,罗梅罗说, 现在是NFRDI的高级科学研究专家. “I came to 亚洲信誉第一网投平台 because I believe that its interdisciplinary approach best suits me toward improving the performance of my duties and functions as a member of my institute’s policy-making working group.”

Building human and institutional capacity to continue the work of the Coastal Resources Center is a crucial element of its success. The trainees and graduate students and hundreds of others who have worked closely in dozens of different projects, 本地及海外, 继续将CRC信息带入他们所做的一切.

“这个网络很强大,亚洲信誉第一网投平台与他们保持联系,”他说. “They’re now major players in the middle management and senior management of the coastal and fisheries sectors of major governments around the world. 他们是变革的制度力量.”

CRC的工作人员, 他们中的许多人至少从亚洲信誉第一网投平台获得了一个学位, 这也是一股不可忽视的力量吗.

“The success of the Coastal Resources Center is mostly about the people we have and the approach they take,J说。.P. 沃尔什自2018年起担任CRC董事. “解决方案需要把人们聚集在一起,理解问题,然后, 一起为那个地点和时间想出一个解决方案. 亚洲信誉第一网投平台指导这一过程,帮助他们理解科学,这样他们就可以看到什么解决方案可能有效, 亚洲信誉第一网投平台在决策过程中帮助他们. 亚洲信誉第一网投平台一路牵着他们的手,让他们看到科学,看到问题,看到解决方案. 这是可行的.”

亚洲信誉第一网投平台致力于亚洲信誉第一网投平台的事业, 亚洲信誉第一网投平台对自己的工作充满激情, 亚洲信誉第一网投平台有强大的技术专长, 亚洲信誉第一网投平台希望继续学习,麦肯补充道. “亚洲信誉第一网投平台不会停留在过去的成就上. 亚洲信誉第一网投平台知道亚洲信誉第一网投平台必须学习并做得更好,亚洲信誉第一网投平台喜欢合作. 亚洲信誉第一网投平台喜欢在CRC工作,因为亚洲信誉第一网投平台觉得亚洲信誉第一网投平台正在创造一个
更好的地方.” •

CRC阵容

这个团队就是海岸资源中心的一切. 亚洲信誉第一网投平台有大约25名敬业而有才华的员工, 该团队在世界各地管理着广泛的项目组合. Their love of the ocean and understanding of the importance of healthy coasts and coastal communities unites and motivates them. CRC团队成员聚集在纳拉甘西特湾校区的海岸线, 他们的办公室设在哪里, 2022年4月.

后排: J.P. 沃尔什, 导演; Brittni Ferguson, 协调员, international 项目; Sarah Gaines, coastal research associate; Glenn Ricci, coastal research associate; Cindy Moreau ’97, 协调员, international 项目 (retired); Peter Freeman, coastal research associate; Cathy Dwyer ’93, 协调员, international 项目; Elin Torell, 导演, 海岸研究所和CRC国际项目

前排:珍·麦肯,男.M.A. 1994年,美国国家安全局局长.S. coastal 项目; Sue Kennedy, communications specialist; Karen Kent (seated in front), senior coastal manager; Tyler Pavlowich, marine research associate; Lauren Josephs, M.S. ’17, coastal research associate; April Pariseault ’91, 协调员, U.S. 项目

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